Chullpa or corrals for cattle
This cow shed was designed with local materials for families from Chuquibambilla District in San Román – Puno. The design was inspired by the ancestral Andean constructions. This project was an initiative of Dr. Enrique Nolte during his monitoring visits. It is functionally flexible since the same criteria can be applied to different types of animals.
It will be located between 3000m and 4000masl. With a diameter of 11 m. the design has a 4” structure rounded Eucalyptus, a forest species widely grown and marketed throughout Peru. It´s capacity is for 12 adult cows. The foundation will be made of stone and cement with 1.20mt high walls. The roof´s shape allows good ventilation and temperatures as well.
The CHULLPA, which inspired this design, is a bioclimatic and functionally efficient circular construction used in the Andean area since Inkan times. In Cusco, on the other hand, some circular constructions are found to the east of the Wiracocha temple in the archaeological area of Raqchi, district of San Pedro, province of Canchis for food storage. They were roofed with a wooden structure from the area and ichu.